male and female cat differences

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male and female cat differences

Distinguishing a male cat from a female: 3 ways to determine the sex of cats

The genitals of young cats do not appear as they do in adult cats, which makes determining the sex of cats and distinguishing male cats from females difficult.

At first glance, even professionals sometimes find it difficult to distinguish male cats from female cats.

But it is possible to determine the sex of cats by observing some distinctive gender differences in kittens that do not exceed five weeks of age, such as spacing between genitals, fur color, and behavior.

These differences enable us to distinguish between Female and male cats.

Handle with care while determining the sex of cats

It happens that we want to know the gender early for several reasons such as choosing a suitable name for our male or female cats, but despite this, it is best not to bother the newborn kittens too much to find out their gender.

So don’t worry too much to determine the sex of your kitten. Instead, wait until at least two weeks of age or preferably longer to start handling it.

While determining the sex of your cat, it is essential to reduce stress.

Start by holding her, caressing her gently, and cuddling her close to your body.

Rubbing its back at the base of the tail may automatically raise it, giving you a panoramic view of the genitals.

But if the cat is panicking or frightened, leave the examination for a later appointment.

female cat

Distinguishing the sex of cats according to their genitals

At two weeks of age, some breeders liken the appearance of a cat’s genitals with punctuation marks best aquarium site.

Female genitals will resemble an upside-down exclamation mark or an “i” with a vertical vaginal slit just below the anus with very little spacing between them (the anus and vagina are very close to each other).


The penis is located below the anus for a male cat, with enough space between them to accommodate his testicles.

You may even be able to see small lumps in that space.

These small lumps are the developing testicles, which will grow as the cat matures to its normal size (the space between the anus and the reproductive tract is large in males as opposed to females).

male cat


If all cats look the same to you during visual observation, choose one of your kittens and gently place your finger and thumb on either side of the scrotum area (on a male suspected cat).

Feel for two small, hard, oval-shaped objects under the skin.

These are the testicles and it is almost impossible to grab them because they slip away under your fingers.

If the testicles are present and you can feel them with your fingers, the cat is a male.

Distinguishing a male cat from a female according to the color of the fur

Another simpler, but less reliable way to determine the sex of a cat is by the color of its coat.

Mixed tricolor cats (sometimes called tortoiseshell cats) are often female.

The chromosomal structure of female cats is solely responsible for this coloration, so we can guarantee that kittens with this coloration are female.


For male cats, orange or ginger-colored cats are often males.

But this trait is not as reliable for distinguishing male cats as the tricolor trait for females, as three-quarters of cats with ginger color only are males and not all cats carry this color.

Determining gender based on behavior

As cats get larger, they begin to develop their own unique personalities.

Male cats may start wandering and trying to get away as they approach sexual maturity.

They often spray urine to protect the private areas of the home to keep intrusive cats away. Male cats are also more anxious and aggressive than females.

Female kittens (sometimes as young as four months old) may be overheated and sexually active – heralding their “coming of age” with loud meows and attention-seeking behavior.

However, the earlier you spay your cat (maximum five to six months but kittens can be spayed at six to eight weeks of age), the less susceptible your cat will be to these gender nuances of behavior.

Some people claim that male cats are more friendly and affectionate than females.

But this difference is not true in any way, cats have diverse personalities just like human personalities.

That’s why to choose your pet through the contact you make with him at the first interaction and first feeling and don’t care too much about his gender.

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