Sterilization of cats, males and females, all you need to know
During the puberty of cats, about 4 months, they reach puberty and sexual maturity and thus become able to mate and reproduce, and here the process of sterilizing cats, females and males, is on the line Most people do not have the time or desire for their cats to breed and do not want to add an unwanted number of kittens that require care, time and other expenses.
Cat Sterilization Sterilization of male cats (removal of testicles) and sterilization of female cats (removal of the ovaries and uterus) not only prevent unwanted pregnancies, but also reduce unwanted behaviors associated with the sexual maturity of cats and reduce the risk of some diseases that affect them. Cats are also difficult to train. During periods of mating and difficult to control its activity.
Benefits of sterilizing female cats
Controlling the number of kittens: It is important to sterilize a female cat before she can give birth to kittens, as this happens very quickly depending on the breed, age, and growth of the cat.
Usually, the first season of mating occurs during the completion of the cat’s six months, but it can sometimes come before this age.
A mature cat may give birth up to three times a year and this will certainly give a lot of kittens that need shelter and special care.
Female cats will still “call” (call and respond to males) regularly, about every three weeks during times of sexual activity of the year if they are not pregnant.
With fully mature female cats in an area, this will attract adult males, and problems with splashing, fighting, and meowing during the night will begin.
New unwanted cats may not be cared for and are likely to suffer from various infectious diseases such as cat flu or worse.
It is unlikely that there will be enough new homes available for them to leave scattered in the street without shelter.
Female cats who are not spayed are more likely to suffer from pyometra (inflammation of the uterus) later in their lives and from breast tumors.
Infected females may transmit these infectious diseases to other healthy cats, and pregnancy and childbirth are also not without risks.
Return to the wild: The cat will hunt with its kittens more actively and if it is not fed it will need to hunt more wild animals to feed the kittens, which will prompt them to seek out the house and take risks.
Benefits of sterilizing male cats
Male cats that have not been spayed are likely to move away from the house a lot, males mark their territory with urine spray to deter other male cats from entering their private area, and fight and fight between them is likely to occur with great disturbance and a lot of noise.
When males fight, they are more likely to transmit diseases between them.
They also suffer injuries and wounds sustained during a fight, and since they are far from home and roam a large area, they are also more likely to have road traffic accidents.
Aggressiveness and spraying:
Unsterilized male cats leave the house and may not return.
They may also be spraying indoors, which requires constant cleaning, and these cats may be aggressive towards their owners in the hot season.
It is therefore a good idea to spay cats early enough to prevent the above problems as most people do not want to live with an unsterilized male cat because of these problems.
Male cats do not have kittens to care for, and it only takes one male in an area to get many female cats pregnant, so spaying a female cat makes a big difference in birth control, but spaying male cats also help with this.
Knowing the sex of kittens
It can be difficult to determine the sex of cats, especially kittens, and thus mistakes are often made.
If you have any doubts about your cat’s gender, you should ask your vet and he will test your pet to determine its gender before spaying. (Learn how to determine the sex of kittens)
Female cat sterilization
In the past, it was suggested that all female cats should be allowed to have at least one birth. But this is completely unnecessary and does nothing for the cat.
Therefore, it is preferable to sterilize the female before she reaches sexual maturity.
Once the cat reaches sexual maturity, the cat will begin to enter the hot and mating seasons.
These cycles of sexual activity usually occur every two to three weeks, during which time the cat begins to meow annoying and unusual and this can be very upsetting! Some medications are used to suppress the sexual cycle, but some have a significant risk of side effects and these medications are not recommended for long-term use.
If you do not want to breed your kitten, spaying her will eliminate sexual behavior and the possibility of unplanned pregnancies and reduce the risk of reproductive-related diseases later in life.
The process of spaying a female cat involves the administration of a general anesthetic and the surgical removal of the ovaries and uterus through an incision made on the side or on the cat’s abdomen.
The fur at the incision site must be shaved prior to surgery and your vet will ask you to withhold food from the cat from the evening before the anesthesia.
Usually, your cat can go home the same day and any stitches are generally removed after 7 to 10 days.
Male cat sterilization
Spaying a male cat is just as important as spaying a female to prevent unwanted pregnancy.
All male cats are highly inclined during the heat to go out and roam and are aggressive towards other males, in addition to their tendency to fight and mark their territory to prevent other males from entering by spraying urine in these areas (Urine is often sprayed indoors)
The aggressive behavior of an unsterilized male puts him at risk for serious infectious diseases such as feline immunodeficiency virus (“AIDS“) and feline leukemia virus, both of which are transmitted through cat bites.
Spaying a male cat involves removing both testicles under general anesthesia through a small incision in the scrotum.
As with female sterilization, it will be necessary to withhold food from the cat the night before the sterilization to reduce potential anesthesia complications, and the kitten can usually return home from the vet clinic the same day.
The skin incisions in the process of castrating a cat are usually so small that sutures are not needed.
Cats usually recover from the spaying process very quickly. They may feel a little sleepy for a few hours, which is normal according to the vets, but by the next day, the cats are active again.
It is recommended that you try to keep your cat fairly calm for a day or two to give enough time for the internal wounds to heal.
If your cat seems strangely calm or unusually relaxed, you should contact your vet and let him know.
Also, if your cat begins to lick or scratch its skin excessively, contact your vet for a special bandage or collar to prevent any damage to the wound.
It is important to remember that once a cat is spayed, there is a greater chance of weight gain.
Therefore, you may need to adjust the amount of food you give if your cat begins to gain weight.
Dark patches of fur in Siamese and similar breeds
Skin temperature is important in determining the hair color of some types of cats (for example the Siamese cat).
This means that when a patch of hair is shaved off (for a sterilization procedure, for example) the new hair may grow darker than the first.
But this is only temporary, and as the days go by and the hair grows, the dark hair is replaced by natural, light-colored hair.
The right age for sterilization
Male and female kittens are usually spayed at the age of six months, but this happens after many kittens have reached sexual maturity and are not based on any scientific justification.
For social and health reasons and to control breeding, spaying is now recommended routinely at around 4 months of age.
As for the price, the price of a cat sterilization process ranges between $200 and $400, whether to sterilize a male or female cat, you can also look for a veterinary clinic that offers the process at a much lower price, these clinics are expensively affiliated with associations and non-profit organizations and all operations are carried out by volunteer veterinarians.
You can usually take your cat home with you the same day you have the operation.